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Papaver somniferum (Opium poppy)

  • P. Procházka, L. Smutka; Czech Republic as an Important Producer of Poppy Seed, Agris Online Papers in Economics and Informatics, Vol IV, No2, 2012
  • A. D. Krikorian, M. C. Ledbetter. “Some Observations on the Cultivation of Opium Poppy (Papaver Somniferum L.) for Its Latex.” Botanical Review, vol. 41, no. 1, 1975, pp30–103
  • A. Butterworth, Opium Wars, blog of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Sep 2015
  • J. Halpern, D. Blistein; Opium: How an ancient flower shaped and poisoned our world, Hachette Books, 2019
  • G. Samuelsson, Drugs of Natural Origin, Swedish Pharmaceutical Press 2005
  • M. Robson, Opium: The Poisoned Poppy, FormAsia 1992
  • E. Sevillano, Death Among Spain’s Poppy Fields, El Pais, 17th Aug 2017

See full list of Individual Species References.

Please also refer to the General Bibliography and Online Resources.

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